The different belts colours help other judoka’s and Sensei’s identify the level of skill and knowledge that each other have and a lower grade judoka should always show humble respect to their superiors letting them always go first in practice and listen to their advice. A higher graded judo student “judoka” should never attempt throws on a lower ranked student that is not confident in that technique as we must look after each other. It is the responsibility of higher ranked judoka’s to keep everyone safe. Up to brown belt, the grades are awarded on the achievement of technical skills laid down in the syllabus. Examinations for these grades are carried out within the club. Promotion to and within the black belt grades normally requires a demonstration of contest skills as well. Judo is also suitable for people with a range of disabilities, including visual impairment (to any degree), cerebral palsy, downs syndrome, autism, hearing impairment. The syllabus is adapted to take account of what the player can achieve.
There are five methods of obtaining promotion within the sport of Judo. They are as follows:

1. Contest and Knowledge.
2. Knowledge of the Art with Service to the Sport of Judo.
3. Knowledge of the Art of Judo.
4. Outstanding Achievement in the Sport of Judo at International Level.
5. Outstanding Achievement in the Sport of Judo at National or State/Territory Level.

Grading for belts up to and including Brown Belt (1st Kyu) is done at club level. Grading for all Dan grades is done in front of a panel of grading officials, typically consisting of the higher Dan-grade holders.